Piedmont - Costigliole Saluzzo

Castles, resort and hotels list in Costigliole Saluzzo
4 stars Castles Hotels
Castello Rosso - Costigliole Saluzzo
Set in the middle of an English-style park between Cuneo and Saluzzo, Castello Rosso, an ancient abode of the aristocracy dating back to the 14th Century, has returned to life, offering moments of peace in harmony with life, in an environment steeped in history...
Sure news on Costigliole is had to leave from the second half of the XII° ' century. but it is believed that already in the antiquity the place was center of roman living in the pianeggiante zone. In fact recent diggings of survey have carried to the light traces of an extended roman takeover in the rear area the scholastic complex. Every indication on that situated, for the moment, can be only given to level of supposizione. A hypothesis is that colony of the roman city of Augusta Begiennorum (Benevagienna could be a matter itself of one), not far away from Fossano. One historical of the ' 600, F.A. Of the Church, wrote that already then the tradition was ancient that placed in the Saluzzese a roman colony, of whose exact location was not but to the current. An other indication is given from the organization of the territory. Various one from that one is necessary to imagine a landscape much puts into effect them, with the torrent Varaita that, previously to the works of canalization put into effect in the Middle Ages, were a wide water course, much irregular and dangerous one. It was impossible to insediarsi near its rivers and it was not easy to construct bridges to you. The better solution was to cross it to mount more, in the points in which the river bed more it was tightened. In this way the roads crossed the slopes of the Pagliano mount. Moreover one via Roman had to run towards S.Martino di Busca, where they have been found other traces of roman age and an other way came from the plain, from Augusta Begiennorum, probably heading towards the hill. When the pagana roman civilization was supplanted from that Christian, churches were constructed on the previous takeovers, or in dominant position on they, to mean the power of the new religion. To Costigliole of the church of Sant' is an example Eusebio, which, today in state of complete abandonment, roman conserve traces. In the 1215 the first concession in feudo is had from part of Manfred of Saluzzo in favor of Guglielmo Costanzia. This powerful family closely was tied to the Marchesato di Saluzzo, from which it obtained important charges and it privileges. Between 1200 and the 1300 were the expansion of the original inhabited nucleus with the construction of the imposing castle on whose ruins later on, were built up the Reynaudi Castle. At the beginning of the ' 400, for initiative of the Costanzia, there was a urbanistico widening of the village with the construction of the Parish of Saint Maria Maddalena. In the 1487 troops of Carl 1 of Savoia, in the course of the operations against Marquis Ludovico II, they destroyed to all the works of fortification of Costigliole, bringing serious damages to the city woven one. Between the 1530 and 1536 Costigliole it was still and repeatedly occupied and plundered from the allied French troops of the Marchesato in fight against the Savoia. From XVII the century in then it came less the exclusive dominion of the Costanzia and began along period in which one noble and rich original family of Savigliano, the Crotti, acquìstò the power and made to erect new and an imposing castle (puts into effect it them Reynaudi castle) on the ruins of the old one. In the following years several disasters were pulled down on Costigliole. In a 1630 most serious epidemic dì plague decimated the population and in the 1691 French troops, in withdrawn from Wedge, they razed to the ground the country. After this terrible episode, the Common one came newly reconstructed, following an expansion criterion urban planning towards the plain. Between the buildings that were constructed in such period, examples of the architecture of the age are meant to you "Palace Giriodi di Monastero" (put into effect them Town hall) and "Palace the Tour". With according to world-wide conflict the war vicissitudes they interested the country newly that in 1940 it was the point of collection of the sfollate populations of the high one Goes them Varaita during the short campaign against France. 5 January of ' the 44 nazifascisti riversarono on Costigliole and the Ceretto fraction with the attempt to repress with the violence the forehead partisan. Therefore to Ceretto 27 innocents for giving a lesson were killed, in order to make to understand to the population of the Saluzzese that the nazifascisti were decided not to allow that the Resistance could protender towards that plain, whose control was absolutely necessary in order to maintain the communications with Turin. The action had an exclusively intimidatorio character, from the moment that in the zone the organization of the bands partisans was in still embryonic phase. This event did not make that to always mature more the spirit than rebellion of the population. The Resistance was involved gradually an increasing number of men. Therefore, before that with the 25 you open them was reached the final Liberazíone, there were other victims. On lapide the bulwark in the entrance hall of the Town hall, that it remembers the fallen, 40 names are available. Still today in the Ceretto fraction, the first Sunday of January, the official ceremony of the Commemoration of the eccidio has place nazifascista.


"Finestrelle" forte...

"Finestrelle" forte... Nivolet lake...

Nivolet lake...



Sights to see and main destinations

frCostigliole Saluzzo
frSerravalle Scrivia
frAcqui Terme





Italy guide | Abruzzo&Molise guide | Aosta Valley guide | Apulia guide | Basilicata guide | Calabria guide | Campania guide | Emilia Romagna guide | Friuli Venezia Giulia guide | Lazio guide | Liguria guide | Lombardy guide | Marche guide | Piedmont guide | Sardinia guide | Sicily guide | Trentino Alto Adige guide | Tuscany guide | Umbria guide | Veneto guide